ملجأ العامرية Amriya Shelter

ملجأ العامرية أو الفردوس أو رقم خمسة وعشرين هو ملجأ من القصف جوي بحي العامرية، بغداد، العراق، قصف أثناء حرب الخليج الثانية. فقد ادت احدى الغارات الاميركية يوم 13 فبراير 1991 على بغداد بواسطة طائرتان من نوع أف-117 تحمل قنابل ذكية إلى تدمير ملجأ مما ادى لمقتل أكثر من 400 مدني عراقي من نساء واطفال. وقد بررت قوات التحالف هذا القصف بانه كان يستهدف مراكز قيادية عراقية لكن اثبتت الاحداث ان تدمير الملجا كان متعمدا خاصة وان الطائرات الاميركية ظلت تحوم فوقه لمدة يومين
The Amiriyah shelter or Al-Firdos bunker was an air-raid shelter ("Public Shelter No. 25") in the Amiriyah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq. The shelter was used in the Iran–Iraq War and the Gulf War by hundreds of civilians. It was destroyed by the USAF with two laser-guided "smart bombs" on 13 February 1991 during the Gulf War, killing more than 408 civilians.

الخميس، 7 أكتوبر، 2010

قصفوا معمل حليب أطفال بلادي غرب حي العامرية ثم أحرقوا الاطفال في ملجأ العامرية bombing a milk factory in Baghdad in gulf war 1991

وأضيء بالعود...
القدرة على إدراج بعض الكلمات المتداولة في مطحنة المشهد .. هذا يثري ولا يضير ...
للاقتراب أكثر من الصورة .. الصوت، الحركة، الواقع ...
عند انفجار صاروخ امريكي في كوكنريت ملجأ العامرية... كم طفل صرخ وقال ماما ونسي أن يقول أمي؟ ثم غاب صوته؟
يولد الطفل بالكاد يحرك شفتيه ... والأسهل دوما لهما كلمة ماما بكل لغات العالم..
هذا رأيي المبني على ... حرص النص القصير أن لا يبارح مكانه في المشهد الكبير...
هيثم شحدة هديب (كاتب وأديب)


كي لا ننسى جرائم إدارة الشر الأمريكية
نماذج الأكاذيب الأمريكية تتكرر
فؤاد الحاج
“حرب الخليج هي أحقر حرب خضناها (نحن الأميركان) حتى الآن.. وأنها خطأ مأساوي سيكلفنا الكثير”..
هذا ما صرح به بعد أيام قلائل من قصف ملجأ العامرية البروفيسور (ماكغواير غبسون) المتخصص في حضارات ما بين النهرين في جامعة (شيكاغو) لصحيفة (الغارديان ويكلي)، تعبيرا عن استنكاره الجرائم البشعة التي ارتكبتها الإدارة الأميركية ضد شعب هو من أعرق شعوب الأرض قاطبة. ومن ذلك قصف ملجأ العامرية ومعمل حليب الأطفال.
فبذات المنطق الذي استخدمته اميركا لتبرير قصفها مدينتي هيروشيما وناكازاكي بالقنابل الذرية حينما ادعت أميركا أنها قصفت قاعدة مهمة للجيش الياباني.. أعلنت إدارة الشر الأميركية، حينما أقدمت على جريمتها بقصف معمل حليب الاطفال انها قصفت منشأة عسكرية تنتج أسلحة كيمياوية.. بينما ادعت أنها قصفت مقر قيادة وسيطرة عسكرية في بغداد حينما قصفت ملجأ العامرية المدني.
الحقيقة التي لا يختلف عليها اثنان أن أميركا استهدفت قتل المدنيين الأبرياء في العراق مثلما استهدفت قتل المواطنين اليابانيين قبل حوالي 50 عاما.. وما ادعاءاتها المختلفة إلا محاولات للتضليل الذي تتقن صناعته، فقد أرادت من هذه الجريمة البشعة ترويع الناس وإرهابهم وهز معنوياتهم والتأثير في صمودهم ومقاومتهم العدوان.
فبعد قصف معمل حليب الأطفال في الثاني والعشرين من كانون الثاني/يناير عام 1991 من قبل مغول القرن العشرين وتحويله إلى حطام توجه فريق من الصحفيين والمراسلين المتواجدين في بغداد بينهم (بيتر ارنيت) مراسل شبكة ((CNN التلفزيونية وبعد جولة لهم في أرجاء المعمل المدمر لم يعثروا على أي دليل يثبت كونه معملا لإنتاج الأسلحة الكيمياوية، أو أي نوع من أنواع الأسلحة وقام (بيتر ارنيت) بتذوق عينات من الحليب أمام كاميرات التلفزة بينما أخذ قسما آخر منه ليجوب بها كبريات المدن الأميركية عند رجوعه.. وكان يقدمه ممزوجا بالقهوة‍‍!!
إن الهدف الأساسي من قصف المعمل كان الطفولة العراقية وزيادة معاناتهم في ظل الحصار، من خلال الإيغال في منع الغذاء والدواء عنهم وخصوصا حليب الأطفال.. وعلى الرغم من هشاشة المزاعم الأميركية قال الجنرال (كولن باول) في إحدى مقابلاته وقد أخذته العزة بالإثم “نحن على يقين من أنه معمل للأسلحة الكيمياوية.” واعترض المراسلون الغربيون على ذلك ومن بينهم (بيتر ارنيت) على هذا القول.
وبعد مدة قصيرة أعلن المتحدث باسم شركة (نستلة) السويسرية وهي المنتج الأول للأغذية الخاصة بالأطفال في العالم.. “نحن نعرف أنه معمل لأغذية الأطفال”.. وأكد مسؤولون في الشركة انهم كانوا يقومون بزيارات دورية للإشراف على بنائه طوال السنوات الماضية.
إن هذه التصريحات لم تنقل في أي من الشبكات التي حرصت على نقل هجوم باول على مراسل شبكة (CNN) مثلما حرصت على نقل تصريحات المسؤولين الأميركان بأن المعمل منشأة عسكرية!

كتبهاالنبيل ، في 14 أيار 2008

http://alnabil.maktoobblog.com


Peter Arnett broadcasting
from Iraq on MSNBC
New Zealand-born journalist Peter Arnett, covering the war from Baghdad, told state-run Iraqi TV the American-led coalition’s first war plan had failed because of Iraq’s resistance.
Arnett, who won a Pulitzer Prize reporting in Vietnam for The Associated Press, gained much of his prominence covering the Gulf War for CNN in 1991.   Arnett, reporting from the Iraqi capital for NBC and its cable stations, said in an interview with Iraqi TV that strategists were “trying to write another war plan.”
The interview could make Arnett a target of the war’s supporters.   The first Bush administration was unhappy with Arnett’s reporting in 1991 for CNN, suggesting he had become a conveyor of propaganda.
He was denounced for his reporting about the bombing of a baby milk factory in Baghdad.   The American military said it was a biological weapons plant, but Arnett stood by his reporting that the plant’s sole purpose was to make baby formula.
NBC, in a statement Sunday, praised Arnett’s “outstanding” reporting from Iraq and said he was trying nothing more than to give an analytical response to an interviewer’s questions.
In the interview, Arnett said his Iraqi friends tell him there is a growing sense of nationalism and resistance to what the coalition forces are doing.
He said the United States is reappraising the battlefield and delaying the war, maybe for a week, “and rewriting the war plan.   The first war plan has failed because of Iraqi resistance.   Now they are trying to write another war plan.”
“Clearly, the American war plans misjudged the determination of the Iraqi forces,” Arnett said during the interview broadcast by Iraq’s satellite television station and monitored by The Associated Press in Egypt.
Arnett said it is clear that within the United States there is growing opposition to the war and a growing challenge to US President Bush about the war’s conduct.
“Our reports about civilian casualties here, about the resistance of the Iraqi forces, are going back to the United States,” he said.   “It helps those who oppose the war when you challenge the policy to develop their arguments.”
The interview was broadcast in English and translated by a green military uniform-wearing Iraqi anchor. NBC said Arnett gave the interview when asked shortly after he attended an Iraqi government briefing.
“His impromptu interview with Iraqi TV was done as a professional courtesy and was similar to other interviews he has done with media outlets from around the world,” NBC News spokeswoman Allison Gollust said.   “His remarks were analytical in nature and were not intended to be anything more.   His outstanding reporting on the war speaks for itself.”
Arnett was the on-air reporter of the 1998 CNN report that accused American forces of using sarin gas on a Laotian village in 1970 to kill U.S. defectors.   Two CNN employees were sacked and Arnett was reprimanded over the report, which the station later retracted.   Arnett ultimately left the network.
He went to Iraq this year not as an NBC News reporter but as an employee of the MSNBC show, “National Geographic Explorer.”    When other NBC reporters left Baghdad for safety reasons, the network began airing his reports.

Peter Gregg ArnettONZM (born November 13, 1934, Riverton, New Zealand) is a New Zealand-American journalist.
Arnett worked for National Geographic magazine, and later for various television networks, most notably CNN. He is well known for his coverage of war, including the Vietnam War and the Gulf War. He was awarded the 1966 Pulitzer Prize in International Reporting for his work in Vietnam, where he was present from 1962 to 1975, most of the time reporting for the Associated Press news agency. In 1994, Arnett wroteLive from the Battlefield: From Vietnam to Baghdad, 35 Years in the World's War Zones. In March 1997, Arnett was able to interview Osama bin Laden.[1] The Journalism School at the Southern Institute of Technology is named after him.

Baby milk factory controversy

One of Arnett's most controversial reports during the Gulf War was a report on how the coalition had bombed a baby milk factory. Shortly after the report, an Air Force spokesman stated"Numerous sources have indicated that [the factory] is associated with biological warfare production". Later the same day, Colin Powell stated "It was a biological weapons facility, of that we are sure". White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater stated "That factory is, in fact, a production facility for biological weapons" and "The Iraqis have hidden this facility behind a façade of baby-milk production as a form of disinformation."
The image of a crudely-made hand-painted sign reading "Baby Milk" in English and Arabic in front of the factory, and a lab coat dressed in a suit containing stitched lettering reading "BABY MILK PLANT IRAQ" only served to further the perception that purportedly civilian targets were simply being made to look like that by Saddam Hussein, and that Arnett was duped by the Iraqi government. The sign appeared to have been added by the Iraqis before the camera crews arrived as a cheap publicity ploy. Newsweek called the incident a "ham-handed attempt to depict a bombed-out biological-weapons plant near Baghdad as a baby-formula factory."
Arnett remained firm. He had toured the plant in the previous August, and was insistent that "Whatever else it did, it did produce infant formula". Described as being a veritable fortress by the Pentagon, the plant, Arnett reported, had only one guard at the gate and a lot of powdered baby milk. "That's as much as I could tell you about it ... [I]t looked innocent enough from what we could see." A CNN camera crew had been invited to tour this plant in August 1990. They videotaped workers wearing new uniforms with lettering in English reading, "Iraq Baby Milk Plant".
Interviewed later, Michel Wery, the plant's French contractor who helped build it, gave an interview in which he stated that the plant was producing solely baby milk when it started up in 1979, and was not equipped to breed pathogens. The plant closed in 1980, he said, when the last French technicians working for his company left Baghdad. Wery said he had heard that production had restarted after the United Nations embargo put in place in the fall of 1991, but he doubted whether that was possible after a 10-year lull. Two dairy technicians had been in the plant at least four times since to make repairs; one stated that, during a visit in May 1990, it was all normal dairy equipment and that the plant was actually canning milk powder. The suspicious uniform stitching was actually part of the original uniforms supplied by the French, and in fact the footage showing the uniforms was shot in August 1990. Part of the problem in reconciling the various U.S. and foreign accounts is that administration officials said they were constrained by security considerations from revealing exactly how they knew about the plant. At the same time, the New Zealand technicians and the French builder were not at the plant after May and cannot be certain of what happened after their departure.
White House reports diverged at this time. One official claimed that the plant was converted in 1990. Another claimed that it was a "backup" bioweapons facility, which had not yet been converted. A third said that it was not a bioweapons facility, but that it was used to make items crucial to bioweapons research; all three claimed insider information. In a confidential memo from December 1992, a State Department employee discussed the issue of the plant and reported that there were no hidden chambers or inappropriate machinery, and that it appeared to be a perfectly normal factory for producing powdered milk.
he plant had undergone security modifications since May 1990. Amongst these were camouflage paint on all the buildings in the complex, a security fence, and the positioning of two SA-2 Surface-to-air missile batteries. In addition, the Iraqis had claimed that they were getting powdered milk for the plant from Nestlé, but Nestlé said that was false. They said they had supplied no products to this plant.
Colin Powell gave the president a briefing a week before the plant was bombed. Powell told President Bush that intelligence based from agents inside Iraq stated that the Iraqis had altered the plant into a biological weapons plant.
The Iraq Survey Group visited the facility in May 2004 and found that it was inoperable and had been out of operation for some time prior to the invasion. The plant was searched extensively and no evidence was found of WMD production, although the production facilities and factory floor were littered with remnants of baby milk production, including large piles of powdered baby milk that had congealed into solid masses.

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