ملجأ العامرية Amriya Shelter

ملجأ العامرية أو الفردوس أو رقم خمسة وعشرين هو ملجأ من القصف جوي بحي العامرية، بغداد، العراق، قصف أثناء حرب الخليج الثانية. فقد ادت احدى الغارات الاميركية يوم 13 فبراير 1991 على بغداد بواسطة طائرتان من نوع أف-117 تحمل قنابل ذكية إلى تدمير ملجأ مما ادى لمقتل أكثر من 400 مدني عراقي من نساء واطفال. وقد بررت قوات التحالف هذا القصف بانه كان يستهدف مراكز قيادية عراقية لكن اثبتت الاحداث ان تدمير الملجا كان متعمدا خاصة وان الطائرات الاميركية ظلت تحوم فوقه لمدة يومين
The Amiriyah shelter or Al-Firdos bunker was an air-raid shelter ("Public Shelter No. 25") in the Amiriyah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq. The shelter was used in the Iran–Iraq War and the Gulf War by hundreds of civilians. It was destroyed by the USAF with two laser-guided "smart bombs" on 13 February 1991 during the Gulf War, killing more than 408 civilians.

الجمعة، 10 ديسمبر، 2010

Iraq: A Decade of Devastation Middle East Report 215 - Summer 2000


An Iraqi woman looks at the damage inside the Amiriya
shelter in Baghdad, in which 403 civilians allegedly died
when it was bombed by American missiles during the Gulf War
in 1991.Three relatives of the womandied in the bombing.
(AP Photo/Jassim Mohammed)
Iraq: A Decade of Devastation

Editorial

1999 Shehadi Winner (click here for info)
Stiflling Democracy Within Palestinian Unions
Nina Sovich

ARTICLES
"And They Called It Peace": US Policy on Iraq
Phyllis Bennis

Sanctioning Iraq: A Failed Policy
Sarah Graham-Brown

Daghara Dispatch: A Lost Generation
Elizabeth Warnock Fernea

Depleted Uranium Haunts Kosovo and Iraq
Scott Peterson

The Public Health Impact of Sanctions: Contrasting Responses of Iraq and Cuba
Richard Garfield

The Politics of Consensus in the Gulf
Marc Lynch

A Shaky De Facto Kurdistan
David Aquila Lawrence

Shaykhs and Ideologues: Detribalization and Retribalization in Iraq, 1968-1998
Faleh A. Jabar

Elusive Justice: Trying to Try Saddam
Joost Hiltermann

Interviews Set: Americans Against the Sanctions

What About the Incubators?
Kathy Kelly

Resources for Activists

Between Iraq and a Hard Place: Jordanian-Iraqi Relations
Curtis Ryan

Letter from Kuwait
Fred Halliday

REVIEW
Le lute de Bagdad--Naseer Shamma
Elliott Colla
A US Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt serves as a backdrop as Defense Secretary
William S. Cohen addresses US personnel at Al-Jaber Air Base, Kuwait.
 (Helene c. Stikkel/DoD Photos)
Phyllis Bennis

(Scott Peterson covers the Middle East for the Christian Science Monitor.)

These two techniques--the impressionistic and the imagistic--come together most powerfully in "al-'Amiriyya," which refers to the bomb shelter targeted by the allies during the 1991 air campaign, where more than 400 Iraqi civilians, mostly children, died. Shamma's piece begins with a lilting, sentimental melody that is interrupted by screeching air raid sirens--an effect generated by Shamma's frantic picking. Amidst the confusion and panic that follow, you hear a calm determination to prepare for the coming air strike. Then, as if upon the close of the last blast door, missiles rain down, their explosions drowned out by the screams of other incoming bombs and screams of victims below. At this point, the sharply defined sound images are painted over with more impressionistic strokes--the piece slows and turns darkly reflective before ending on an optimistic note. Part of this piece's power emanates from Shamma's ability to convey so many distinct sounds and images on a single stringed instrument--one can only imagine the impact on listeners when Shamma first performed the piece in the ruins of al-'Amiriyya on the one-year anniversary of the massacre.

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